TALQ choose three profiles from ESCO database as a test case. The choice of the profiles is motivated by several challenges, reoccurring in other occupations:
- the three profiles vary between EQF levels depending on the national labor market
- the three profiles contain overlapping competences and skills
- the three profiles vary from “almost pure technical” to “almost pure artistic”
- the investigated profiles exist in education, training, apprenticeship and self-learning (with a validation process of prior learning already implemented in some EU countries)
- the jobs of these profiles are done by employees as well as by independent workers
- the three profiles are internationally acknowledged
- the three profiles are easy transferable to other STEM (Science – Technology – Engineering – Mathematics) occupations as they have the same classification structure. The assumption of the researchers is that this customization can be adapted and transferred to other sectors of the performing arts (i.e. sound area, video area, costume area, set-building area, make-up area…) as well as in parallel sectors of the civil society
Lighting technicians setup, prepare, check and maintain equipment in order to provide optimal lighting quality for live performances and motion pictures. They cooperate with road crew to unload, set up and operate lighting equipment and instruments.
Light board operators control the lighting of a performance based on the artistic or creative concept, in interaction with the performers. Their work is influenced by and influences the results of other operators. Therefore, the operators work closely together with the designers, operators and performers. Light board operators prepare and supervise the setup, steer the technical crew, program the equipment and operate the lighting system. They may be responsible for conventional or automated lighting fixtures and, in some instances, controlling video as well. Their work is based on plans, instructions and other documentation.
Lighting designers develop a lighting design concept for a performance and supervise the execution of it. Their work is based on research and artistic vision. Their design is influenced by and influences other designs and must be conform with these designs and the overall artistic vision. Therefore, the designers work closely with artistic directors, operators and the artistic team. During rehearsals and performance they coach the operators to obtain optimal timing and manipulation. Lighting designers develop lighting plots, cue lists and other documentation to support the operators and production crew. Lighting designers sometimes also work as autonomous artists, creating light art outside a performance context.
References: European Commission ESCOv1 prerelease. The release of the initial version of ESCO is scheduled for end of 2016. Versions embedded in TALQ are provided by a temporary access to the ESCO v1 final draft.